Analisis Hubungan Kemitraan antara Kurir dan Perusahaan pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Ditinjau dari Doktrin Undue Influence

  • Yolanda Simbolon Universitas Gadjah Mada
Keywords: Keywords: Partnership, Undue Influence, Exploitation, Agreement.


This article explores the potential modern exploitation of the partnership between couriers and delivery companies.  This research is normative legal research. The author used data from the literature and a survey of 37 couriers from 14 different companies. Of the 37 couriers who filled out the survey, in-depth interviews were conducted on 7 couriers from 6 different companies. The results suggested that the practice of Undue Influence can occur when the courier is economically or psychologically powerless to bind in a partnership agreement with the company. During the Covid-19 pandemic, couriers have a much weaker economic and psychological position than the company.  The company uses its special circumstances to establish policies unilaterally and makes a “take it or leave it” offer to the courier. Moreover, the relationship between the courier and the delivery company that is applied is not an industrial relationship, so it is not subject to the provisions of the legislation concerning manpower. Consequently, the provisions in the partnership agreement do not have a safety net for couriers and tend to only side with the company.



Akhmad Budi Cahyono. (2020). ‘Implementation of Common Law Doctrine in Indonesian Law of Obligation’. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research 130. hlm. 320.
Alan Bogg and Ruth Dukes. (2020). ‘Statutory Interpretation and Limits of a Human Rights Approach: Royal Mail Group Ltd v Communication Workers Union’. Industrial Law Journal 49. hlm. 488.
Charles Fried. (2019). ‘Contracts as Promise: Lessons Learned’. TheoreTical inquiries 20. hlm. 367
Dumitru Vieriu. (2015). ‘The State’s Intervention on The Labor Market’. Jurnalul de Drept si Stiinte Administrative 3. hlm. 112-113.
Joellen Riley. (2007). ‘Regulating for Fair Dealing in Work Contracts: A New South Wales Approach’. Industrial Law Journal 36. hlm. 21.
Kadek Januarsa Adi Sudharma, Agus Putu Abiyasa, dan Ni Ketut Elly Sutrisni. 2018. “Regulation of Protection and Fulfillment of Employee Rights of Go-Jek Drivers under Indonesian Employment Regulation”. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2, hlm. 58.
Rick Bigwood. (1996). Undue Influence: ‘Impaired Consent or Wicked Exploitation?’. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 16. hlm. 503.
Saprudin. (2012) ‘Socialisering Perocess Hukum Perburuhan dalam Aspek Kebijakan Pengupahan’. Mimbar Hukum 24. hlm 377-569.


“Courier Companies Raise More Revenue, Hire New Workers Amid Pandemic”, diakses pada 24 Oktober 2021.

“Covid-19 Increases Unemployment”, diakses pada tanggal 14 November 2021.

“Digital 2021: Global Overview Report” dalam diakses pada tanggal 2021.

“Digital 2021: Indonesia” dalam diakses pada tanggal 12 Oktober 2021.

“History Of Forced Labor Building The Anyer-Panarukan Pos Highway, Is It True That Daendels Doesn't Pay Workers?’, diakses pada 27 April 2021.
“ Diakses pada tanggal 7 Oktober 2021.

“The Partnership Trap in The Indonesian Gig Economy”, diakses pada tanggal 21 Oktober 2021.

Ida Hanifah. 2020. Hukum Ketenagakerjaan di Indonesia. Medan: Tim Pustaka Prima.
Imam Soepomo. (1970). Pengantar Hukum Perburuhan. Jakarta: Djambatan.
Lalu Husni. (2010). Pengantar Hukum Ketenagakerjaan Indonesia Edisi Revisi. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada.

Makalah/ Laporan Hasil Penelitian
Kimberly A, Whaley, WEL Partners, ‘Undue Influence’ in 18th Annual Estates and Trusts Summit Law Society of Upper Canada.

Van Dunne, Diktat Kursus Hukum Perdata Bagian 1a Hukum Perjanjian Diterjemahkan oleh Lely Niwan (Ujung Pandang, 1988).

Peraturan Perundang-undangan

Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2020 tentang Cipta Kerja.
Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 tentang Ketenagakerjaan.
Undang-Undang Nomor 39 Tahun 1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia.